Arctic Sunlight and Microbial Interactions 2016

Update

Team Announcement: Due to unexpected circumstances, Ivy McDaniel will not be going to the field this season with the research team.

What Are They Doing?

A thermokarst at Wolverine Lake, near Toolik Lake, Alaska. Photo by Lauren Watel.A thermokarst at Wolverine Lake, near Toolik Lake, Alaska. Photo by Lauren Watel.

Team Announcement: Due to unexpected circumstances, Ivy McDaniel will not be going to the field this season with the research team.

Tremendous stores of organic carbon frozen in permafrost soils have the potential to greatly increase the amount of carbon in the atmosphere. Permafrost soils may thaw sporadically and melting ground ice can cause land-surface sinking called "thermokarst failures". These failures change the rate and amount of carbon released with the unanticipated outcome being that soil carbon can be mixed-up from a depth and exposed to sunlight as the land surface is altered. Sunlight can photo-degrade or break-down organic carbon and alter the carbon's ability to support bacterial respiration to produce carbon dioxide. Whether sunlight and UV exposure will enhance or retard the conversion of newly exposed carbon to carbon dioxide is currently unknown—this study is providing the first evidence that this alteration will be amplified by photochemical processes and their effects on microbes.

The research team is trying to understand exactly how sunlight and bacteria degrade dissolved organic matter by determining how fast these processes convert newly released dissolved organic matter to carbon dioxide, compared to dissolved organic matter already in surface waters. The team is accomplishing their research objectives with a series of laboratory experiments to determine rates of photodegradation and microbial processing of dissolved organic matter from different sources, and a series of landscape comparisons and sampling transects to characterize dissolved organic matter degradation in small basins and large rivers extending from the headwaters to the Arctic Ocean. Ultimately, this research will attempt to answer questions such as whether carbon export from tundra to oceans will rise or fall and how reactive the exported carbon will be. The team hopes to be able to measure the ultimate impact of impending disturbances, including climate change, on the net carbon balance of the Arctic and its interaction with the global carbon cycle.

Where Are They?

Toolik Lake in evening light. Photo by Regina Brinker.Toolik Lake in evening light. Photo by Regina Brinker. The research team was based out of Toolik Field Station, an 8-10 hour drive north from Fairbanks, Alaska. Toolik Field Station is operated by the Institute of Arctic Biology at the University of Alaska Fairbanks and has hosted hundreds of researchers and students every year since 1975. From the field station, the team traveled to their sites by foot, truck, boat and occasionally by helicopter.

Expedition Map

Journals

Super tough bicycle gear
A Trip to the Museum On Tuesday, we took a trip to the University of Alaska Museum of the North. Although we could not see Denali from that point on campus, I managed to take my first-ever panorama picture of the horizon, with the Alaska Range looming in the distance. This is the view from outside the University of Alaska Museum of the North. On the far horizon, the shadows of the Alaska Range are barely visible. And I was very pleased to see several committed cyclists demonstrating that with good gear, we can brave winters much more severe than the ones in Chicago. This cyclist is...
Alaska census results
My students are aware that I grew up in Alaska. So I must have just headed home, correct? It's a family vacation. Not quite. Alaska is Big. Really Big. From north to south, Alaska spans 1420 miles - that is a little bit more than the distance between Chicago and the Mexican border. So here, in Fairbanks, I am more than a 5 hours drive away from my hometown. And the climate is way different than anything I encountered near the southern coast of Alaska! A map showing the distance between my hometown, Big Lake, and Fairbanks, Alaska. But that doesn't compare to how far away I'll be this...
Aurora
Electrons Colliding in the Atmosphere The Aurora in the air last night over our hotel room were bizarre to watch. They are a seemingly alien thing, moving and dancing thanks to the interaction between a star and the magnetic molten center of a watery rock. The Aurora borealis appear when electrons from solar winds are accelerated by the Earth's magnetic fields, and then collide with gases in the atmosphere! The ends of the Earth are a special place, where it is possible to observe phenomena that reveal so much about our planet as a whole. The achievement of science astounds me sometimes...

Project Information

Dates:
30 June 2016 to 24 July 2016
Location: Toolik Field Station, AK
Project Funded Title: Photochemical and microbial processing of newly exposed carbon in the arctic ecosystem

Meet the Team

Ivy McDaniel's picture
Golder College Prep
Chicago, IL
United States

Ivy McDaniel is in her third year teaching biology and AP biology in the city of Chicago. In addition to teaching, Ivy also coaches the after school underwater robotics team. She holds a master's degree in science education from the University of Chicago, and a master's degree in molecular and cell biology from the University of California, Berkeley. Ivy is particularly focused on empowering students to take control of the classroom, and teaches science through a combination of open inquiry and student-led discussion of research. Ivy sees the classroom as the perfect place to exercise scientific thinking and practices, and can't wait to bring what she learns in the Arctic back to her students!

Rose Cory's picture
University of Michigan
Ann Arbour, MI
United States

Dr. Rose Cory works in the Arctic where climate warming is thawing frozen soil which may release tremendous stores of dissolved organic carbon to the Earth's surface. After having been trapped for millennia in the frozen soils this new carbon then becomes part of the modern carbon cycle. Dr. Cory finds that exposure to sunlight accelerates the return of this dissolved organic carbon to the atmosphere as carbon dioxide, which may further increase the rate of global warming. Because climate change is influencing our planet's evolution, understanding the fate of newly released carbon will help predict our future as a planet and society. Read more about Dr. Cory and her research here

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Latest Comments

Great video Ivy! It sure is dark in Alaska this time of year, isn't it? Ready for 24 hours of daylight when you go back?
Wonderful post about winter in Fairbanks! I look forward to seeing the interview when I get to a place with a bit more bandwidth. I'm sure I'll learn a lot!
Hey Dominique! Great question! My understanding is fairly basic, so this is a good thing to investigate through sources at NASA. As best as I understand, the charged particles emitted by the suns are...
Your video is super professional! It helps me understand about hibernation. Thank you!
Ivy, I really like your perspective here - what a contrast between the hugeness of astronomical events with the scale of personal and community struggles. Through this research experience I'm sure...